VIO News Blog

January 28, 2009

Venezuelan FM: Relationship with the Middle East is Transparent

Venezuela has a “transparent relationship” with the Middle East, Foreign Minister Nicolas Maduro said yesterday. The AFP reports that he explained: “We have no official relations with (Hamas and Hezbollah) and if we did we would say so. …Our government totally and absolutely guarantees religious equality and nondiscrimination on religious issues.” The comments were a response to allegations in an Israeli newspaper the same day Israel expelled Venezuelan diplomats.

Maduro also said yesterday that Venezuela respects President Obama’s plan for energy independence, but that “at the same time we have been asking them to respect Venezuelan and Latin American decisions concerning the path we have taken.” According to the Financial Times, Obama plans to cut U.S. oil use by 4m barrels a day within 10 years. U.S. oil consumption has grown over the decade to reach 20.7 million barrels per day, an amount greater that of than any other nation.

The AP and Reuters report on comments by Venezuela’s foreign minister with headlines declaring that Venezuela-U.S. relations will remain on hold under Obama. The actual statements suggest a far more measured position, though; Maduro said that Venezuela will seek to restore diplomatic ties with the U.S. “in the best and most correct manner,” and that this “will probably take some time.”

U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates (seen at right) accused Iran of “subversive activity” in Latin America yesterday at a senate hearing in Washington. He claimed Iranians are opening “a lot of offices” in “a number of places.” Venezuela was mentioned as the site of a visit by the Russian navy on its tour of the region last year. Gates joked that the Russians would have had more fun had they visited Miami.

An ALBA summit will be held in Venezuela next week, according to CNN. Set to attend are the leaders of Honduras, Nicaragua, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Bolivia, as well as representatives from Ecuador and other observer nations. They will discuss common initiatives, including a shared currency. CNN mentions the upcoming referendum in Venezuela on term limits, claiming Venezuelans rejected similar legislation last year. However, that referendum concerned 69 proposals including communal property rights, recognition for Afro-Venezuelans, ending foreign funding for political campaigns, and banning discrimination based on sexual orientation.

USA Today provides a very misleading account of the issue of term limits in Venezuela and other Latin American nations. It wrongly classifies democratic leaders in Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Nicaragua as a new class of “strongmen.” The leaders are described as authoritarian despite the fact that they are “generally civilians instead of soldiers, and they take office via elections instead of coups… [and] are staying in office because they are so popular.” Bolivia is singled out for its new constitution, approved in a national referendum last Sunday. The charterĀ  recognizes the rights of Indigenous and Afro-Bolivians and guarantees healthcare, education, water, and a safe environment to all citizens.

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January 12, 2009

Venezuela Sends Heating Oil to US, Medicine to Gaza

“No, it was never suspended,” President Chavez said Saturday in reference to Venezuela’s home heating oil assistance program in the U.S. through Citgo. The aid effort is in its fourth year, and has grown to reach about a quarter of a million poor families. The AP reports that the Venezuelan leader finally weighed in to counter those who claimed the aid was being cut off, saying, “they built this analysis on a lie.”

Another issue in the media refuted by officials over the weekend was that of oil industry layoffs. The AP reports that anti-Chavez labor unionists had claimed that Venezuela’s PDVSA dismissed 4,000 contract workers due to output cuts, but on Friday, the company’s vice president dismissed the rumors. Also in economic news, the AP states that oil output cuts mandated by OPEC are contributing to slowed economic growth in Venezuela, but fails to mention that the longer term intent of those cuts is to adjust to lowered demand and move toward more stable prices. Venezuela’s gross domestic product grew by 8.4 percent in 2007 and 4.8 percent in 2008. Finance Minister Ali Rodriguez indicated last week that the government is developing new measures to address economic downturn, but will not devalue the currency or impose new taxes.

Venezuela is sending 12.5 metric tons of medicine to the Gaza strip via Egypt, according to the latest AP report. “It is the least we can do,” President Chavez said yesterday. The AP states that Chavez “has forged strong ties with numerous Arab nations,” forgetting that Venezuela’s ties with the Middle East go back at least to the 1960s when OPEC was formed.

Chavez spoke yesterday of suspicions that a U.S. Embassy official attended a meeting of opposition leaders in Puerto Rico, sources report. “If this is proven,” he said, the diplomat would be expelled. In his televised address, Chavez recalled the U.S. backing enjoyed by Venezuela’s last dictatorship, which ended in 1958, and the U.S. role in negotiating a subsequent failed power-sharing pact between two political parties.

Finally, in other international news, the Financial Times proclaims: “Washington’s clout in Latin America is waning.” This refers chiefly to the economy, and the rising importance of other nations such as China and Russia. The Times calls it a tough “battle for influence.” Similarly, the Los Angeles Times reports on Venezuela’s strengthened economic and military ties with China.

January 8, 2009

Getting Warmer: Venezuela Continues Home Heating Oil Donations to US

“We never stopped the program,” Citgo’s President Alejandro Granado (pictured at right) said yesterday at a press conference confirming that Venezuela’s oil subsidiary will continue to dole out cut-rate heating oil to low-income Americans. Although news sources had reported that Citgo suspended heating oil deliveries, no Venezuelan officials — including President Chavez — ever said the program would cease.

The Boston Globe highlights the discrepancy: because of a slight delay, the charity Citizens Energy “said it thought Citgo’s indecision meant the program would be suspended.” Venezuela had indeed been examining its charitable spending, but there was no “reversal” on the U.S. program. Joe Kennedy of Citizens Energy yesterday thanked Chavez for his “genuine concern for the most vulnerable, regardless of where they may live.”

Time Magazine points out that, for four years, Venezuela has helped offset the burden of energy costs faced by American families while U.S. oil firms and the Bush administration have refused to do so. Citgo’s donations last year totaled $100 million, and reached about a quarter of a million families.

In other news, the AP reports that Chavez commented on the U.S. role in Gaza yesterday, saying he will wait to see if President elect Obama can “stop the aggression.” The Venezuelan leader added: “This is Obama’s first test along with the war in Iraq, and respect for the people of Latin America.” An analyst told the AP that differing views on the Middle East means more hurdles for U.S.-Venezuela relations, but that they are “not insurmountable.”

Protests against Israel’s attacks have been occurring in many Latin American countries, according to a McClatchy wire story. The largest has been in Argentina. Marches are expected in Caracas today.

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